Managing Docker images is very important. Just as similar to managing application source code in a version controlled repository such as GIT. Docker also provides the similar capabilities. Docker images can be managed locally on your development machine and also on remote container registry also known as
In this tutorial, I will demonstrate set of commands on how to manage docker images both locally and remotely.
Managing images locally
1. List Docker Images
To view docker images locally, you can type
docker images and it will list all the images in the console. Execute below command from elevated PowerShell or command line tool to see the output.
REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE demo/webappcore 2.2.0 9729270fe1ac 38 hours ago 401MB <none> <none> 2822fcdec81d 38 hours ago 403MB <none> <none> 807f7b4b42c1 38 hours ago 398MB <none> <none> 659fbabfde96 38 hours ago 398MB <none> <none> ad0df2c81cf1 38 hours ago 397MB <none> <none> 97a33d1a133d 38 hours ago 395MB mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/core/aspnet 2.2 36e5a01ef28f 3 days ago 395MB hello-world nanoserver 7dddd19ddc59 2 months ago 333MB nanoserver/iis latest 7eac2eab1a5c 9 months ago 1.29GB
NOTE: I am using Windows 10 to demonstrate docker image management.
Next, we will limit the list and only print images by repository name. The command is
docker images [repository name].
docker images hello-world
REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE hello-world nanoserver 7dddd19ddc59 2 months ago 333MB
You can also add addition filter to above command by providing tag. The command is
docker images [repository name]:[tag].
docker images hello-world:nanaserver
2. Deleting Docker images
Sometime you may want to just delete an image that you no longer need. By deleting the image, it will permanently delete an image from your local. The command is
docker rmi [image name]:[tag].
NOTE: There are many ways to delete an image. You can also reference docker official website.
docker rmi hello-world:nanoserver
NOTE: If you see an error like this "
Error response from daemon: conflict: unable to remove repository reference "hello-world:nanoserver" (must force) - container 3db17e64fadb is using its referenced image 7dddd19ddc59". It means there is a container running locally on your machine and it is been referenced.
To remove it forcefully, you can apply
-f at the end of the above command it will stop the running container and delete the image.
docker rmi hello-world:nanoserver -f
You should see almost similar output show below
PS C:\> docker rmi hello-world:nanoserver -f Untagged: hello-world:nanoserver Untagged: hello-world@sha256:ea56d430e69850b80cd4969b2cbb891db83890c7bb79f29ae81f3d0b47a58dd9 Deleted: sha256:7dddd19ddc595d0cbdfb0ae0a61e1a4dcf8f35eb4801957a116ff460378850da
Now, let's go ahead and execute
docker images. You will see your image was successfully deleted.
PS C:\> docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE demo/webappcore 2.2.0 9729270fe1ac 38 hours ago 401MB <none> <none> 2822fcdec81d 38 hours ago 403MB <none> <none> 807f7b4b42c1 39 hours ago 398MB <none> <none> 659fbabfde96 39 hours ago 398MB <none> <none> ad0df2c81cf1 39 hours ago 397MB <none> <none> 97a33d1a133d 39 hours ago 395MB mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/core/aspnet 2.2 36e5a01ef28f 3 days ago 395MB nanoserver/iis latest 7eac2eab1a5c 9 months ago 1.29GB
Managing docker images on remote container registry
In this tutorial, we will use
Docker hub, which gives you one free private repository and unlimited public repositories. In this tutorial, I will demonstrate how to use a private container registry that is only accessible to you or your organization.
First, we need to register to get access to
Docker hub. Once you have successfully registered and signed in. We are now ready to create our first private repository for docker images.
Now we will go ahead and create a private repository called demo to manage docker images.
In below example, I will show you how to push
demo/webappcoreimage to remote repository. Execute below command to push docker image to
Login to docker hub.
docker login --username tekspacedemo
Then it will prompt you for password. Go ahead and type the password.
tekspacedemowith your registered docker id.
Before we move on to push the local image to remote registory. We need to tag it to remote path so that we can push that to
docker tag demo/webappcore:2.2.0 tekspacedemo/demo:2.2.0
The above command will tag local docker image path
demo/webappcore:2.2.0to the path that matches for remote repository path which in my case it is tekspacedemo/demo:2.2.0.
Now we will push local image from
docker push tekspacedemo/demo:2.2.0
NOTE: for the demo purpose, I created remote repo name called
demo. You can use any name to define repository name.
After your image is pushed to remote container registry. Your output should look like below
PS C:\> docker push tekspacedemo/demo:2.2.0 The push refers to repository [docker.io/tekspacedemo/demo] a034775f3ab9: Pushed 7e886042ad70: Pushed 6c8276f92903: Pushed 596811bf044f: Pushed 84ff941997ac: Pushed 673fa658bebd: Pushed 75932c99c074: Pushed 3d57d631c3a7: Pushed 63077ec902e9: Pushed f762a63f047a: Skipped foreign layer 2.2.0: digest: sha256:161bdf178437534bda10551406944e1292b71fa40075f00a29851f6fd7d7d020 size: 2505
That's it! You have successfully pushed your first local repo to remote container repository. Thank you for following this tutorial. Please comment below and feel free to share your feedback.